Endocyte, Inc.
ENDOCYTE INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/05/2015 12:06:03)

  

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

  For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

  For the transition period from            to

 

Commission file number 001-35050  

ENDOCYTE, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware 35-1969-140
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification Number)

 

3000 Kent Avenue, Suite A1-100

West Lafayette, IN 47906

(Address of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

  Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (765) 463-7175

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer ¨   Smaller reporting company ¨
    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No þ

 

Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding on July 31, 2015: 41,973,264

 

 
 

  

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

ENDOCYTE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    December 31,     June 30,  
    2014     2015  
          (unaudited)  
Assets                
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 45,533,443     $ 28,035,944  
Short-term investments     79,536,211       145,317,084  
Receivables     706,403        
Prepaid expenses     609,771       1,055,789  
Other assets     652,510       636,058  
Total current assets     127,038,338       175,044,875  
Long-term investments     81,761,177       15,220,480  
Property and equipment, net     3,970,665       3,672,433  
Other noncurrent assets     31,194       31,194  
Total assets   $ 212,801,374     $ 193,968,982  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 1,234,759     $ 1,541,162  
Accrued wages and benefits     2,567,924       1,735,050  
Accrued clinical trial expenses     2,336,645       1,509,430  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities     745,668       675,491  
Total current liabilities     6,884,996       5,461,133  
Other liabilities, net of current portion     30,316       25,204  
Deferred revenue, net of current portion     881,944       856,945  
Total liabilities     7,797,256       6,343,282  
Stockholders’ equity:                
Common stock: $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 41,784,692 and 41,973,264 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014 and June 30, 2015     41,785       41,973  
Additional paid-in capital     373,571,500       377,551,054  
Accumulated other comprehensive income     (143,928 )     (28,141 )
Retained deficit     (168,465,239 )     (189,939,186 )
Total stockholders’ equity     205,004,118       187,625,700  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 212,801,374     $ 193,968,982  

 

See accompanying notes.

 

2
 

  

ENDOCYTE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 

    Three Months
Ended June 30,  
    Six Months
Ended June 30,  
 
    2014       2015       2014       2015    
    (unaudited)       (unaudited)    
Revenue:                                
Collaboration revenue   $ 49,168,527     $ 12,500     $ 66,437,178     $ 25,000  
Operating expenses:                                
Research and development     18,989,933       6,723,950       31,976,696       13,341,258  
General and administrative     7,968,211       4,070,589       15,469,605       8,430,505  
Total operating expenses     26,958,144       10,794,539       47,446,301       21,771,763  
Income (loss) from operations     22,210,383       (10,782,039 )     18,990,877       (21,746,763 )
Other income (expense), net:                                
Interest income, net     168,595       184,494       252,899       336,965  
Other expense, net     (22,336 )     (6,573 )     (28,593 )     (64,149 )
Net income (loss)     22,356,642       (10,604,118 )     19,215,183       (21,473,947 )
Net income (loss) per share:                                
Basic   $ 0.54     $ (0.25 )   $ 0.50     $ (0.51 )
Diluted   $ 0.52     $ (0.25 )   $ 0.47     $ (0.51 )
Items included in other comprehensive gain (loss):                                
Unrealized loss on foreign currency translation     (29,010 )     (1,597 )     (28,500 )     (1,281 )
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities     (57,521 )     (17,448 )     (66,378 )     117,068  
Other comprehensive gain (loss)     (86,531 )     (19,045 )     (94,878 )     115,787  
Comprehensive income (loss)   $ 22,270,111     $ (10,623,163 )   $ 19,120,305     $ (21,358,160 )
Weighted-average number of common shares used in net income (loss) per share calculation:                                
Basic     41,398,251       41,939,052       38,810,473       41,898,702  
Diluted     43,196,754       41,939,052       40,861,295       41,898,702  

 

See accompanying notes.

 

3
 

  

ENDOCYTE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

(unaudited)

 

    Common Stock           Accumulated
Other
             
    Shares     Amount     Additional
Paid-In Capital
    Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Retained
Deficit
    Total  
Balances December 31, 2014     41,784,692     $ 41,785     $ 373,571,500     $ (143,928 )   $ (168,465,239 )   $ 205,004,118  
Exercise of stock options     125,255       125       333,003                   333,128  
Stock-based compensation     29,190       29       3,476,633                   3,476,662  
Employee Stock Purchase Plan     34,127       34       169,918                   169,952  
Net loss                             (21,473,947 )     (21,473,947 )
Unrealized loss on foreign exchange translation                       (1,281 )           (1,281 )
Unrealized gain on securities                       117,068             117,068  
Balances June 30, 2015 (unaudited)     41,973,264     $ 41,973     $ 377,551,054     $ (28,141 )   $ (189,939,186 )   $ 187,625,700  

 

See accompanying notes.

 

4
 

  

ENDOCYTE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

    Six Months  
    Ended June 30,  
    2014     2015  
    (unaudited)  
Operating activities                
Net income (loss)   $ 19,215,183     $ (21,473,947 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation     410,505       442,986  
Stock-based compensation     4,705,012       3,533,936  
Loss on disposal of property and equipment     2,619       1,106  
Accretion of bond premium     816,529       713,939  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:                
Receivables     759,971       722,855  
Prepaid expenses and other assets     1,910,782       (361,415 )
Accounts payable     (1,831,743 )     170,661  
Accrued wages, benefits and other liabilities     3,252,852       (1,735,378 )
Deferred revenue     (59,721,948 )     (25,000 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (30,480,238 )     (18,010,257 )
Investing activities                
Purchases of property and equipment     (938,174 )     (94,720 )
Purchases of investments     (112,097,344 )     (34,703,423 )
Proceeds from sale and maturities of investments     19,588,892       34,866,376  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     (93,446,626 )     68,233  
Financing activities                
Proceeds from public offering     101,904,977        
Stock repurchase           (57,274 )
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options     580,872       333,128  
Proceeds from stock purchases under employee stock purchase plan     191,078       169,952  
Net cash provided by financing activities     102,676,927       445,806  
Effect of exchange rate     (28,500 )     (1,281 )
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents     (21,278,437 )     (17,497,499 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     52,846,940       45,533,443  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 31,568,503     $ 28,035,944  

 

See accompanying notes.

 

5
 

  

ENDOCYTE, INC.

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. Nature of Business and Organization

 

Endocyte, Inc. (the “Company”) is a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted therapies for the treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases. The Company uses its proprietary technology to create novel small molecule drug conjugates (“SMDCs”) and companion imaging agents. The SMDCs actively target receptors that are over-expressed on diseased cells, relative to healthy cells. This targeted approach is designed to enable the treatment of patients with a highly active drug at greater doses, delivered more frequently, and over longer periods of time than would be possible with the untargeted drug alone. The Company is also developing companion imaging agents for each of its SMDCs that are designed to identify the patients whose disease over-expresses the target of the therapy and who are therefore most likely to benefit from treatment.

 

The Company has two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Endocyte Europe B.V. and Endocyte Europe GmbH, which were formed to assist with the administration of applications with the European Commission (“EC”) and commercial pre-launch activities in Europe. The applications were withdrawn in May 2014 and the commercial pre-launch activities in Europe ceased. The Company is in the process of dissolving Endocyte Europe GmbH, which should be completed in the third quarter of 2015. There are no current plans to dissolve Endocyte Europe B.V.

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Endocyte, Inc. and its subsidiaries and all intercompany amounts have been eliminated. The condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals and revisions of estimates, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Interim results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2015 or any other future period. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date of issuance, which is the same as the date this Form 10-Q is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Segment Information

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise engaging in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company performs clinical trials globally and established a subsidiary in The Netherlands to assist in the administration of filing applications in Europe and a subsidiary in Switzerland for commercial pre-launch activities in Europe. The applications filed in Europe were withdrawn in May 2014 and the pre-launch activities in Europe ceased. The Company is in the process of dissolving Endocyte Europe GmbH, which should be completed in the third quarter of 2015. All long-lived assets are held in the U.S. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual amounts may differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers cash and all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consist primarily of money market instruments that are maintained by an investment manager.

 

6
 

  

Investments

 

Investments consist primarily of investments in U.S. Treasuries, U.S. Government agency obligations and corporate debt securities, which could also include commercial paper, that are maintained by an investment manager. U.S. government agency investments relate to investments in Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Federal Home Loan Bank. Management determines the appropriate classification of marketable securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such classification as of each balance sheet date. Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value, with the unrealized gains and losses reported in other comprehensive income. Realized gains and losses and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary on available-for- sale securities are included in other income. The Company considers and accounts for other-than-temporary impairments according to the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 320, Investments — Debt and Equity Securities (“ASC 320”). The cost of securities sold is based on the specific-identification method. Discounts and premiums on debt securities are amortized to interest income and expensed over the term of the security.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenues from license and collaboration agreements when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the fee is fixed or determinable, and there is reasonable assurance that the related amounts are collectible in accordance with ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition (“ASC 605”). The Company’s license and collaboration agreements may contain multiple elements, including grants of licenses to intellectual property rights, agreement to provide research and development services and other deliverables. The deliverables under such arrangements are evaluated under ASC Subtopic 605-25, Multiple-Element Arrangements (“ASC 605-25”). Under ASC 605-25, each required deliverable is evaluated to determine whether it qualifies as a separate unit of accounting based on whether the deliverable has “ stand -alone value” to the customer. The arrangement’s consideration that is fixed or determinable, excluding contingent milestone payments, is then allocated to each separate unit of accounting based on the relative selling price of each deliverable. In general, the consideration allocated to each unit of accounting is recognized as the related goods or services are delivered, limited to the consideration that is not contingent upon future deliverables.

 

Upfront payments for licensing the Company's intellectual property are evaluated to determine if the licensee can obtain stand-alone value from the license separate from the value of the research and development services and other deliverables in the arrangement to be provided by the Company. If at the inception of an arrangement the Company determines that the license does not have stand-alone value separate from the research and development services or other deliverables , the license, services and other deliverables are combined as one unit of account and upfront payments are recorded as deferred revenue on the balance sheet and are recognized in a manner consistent with the final deliverable. Subsequent to the inception of an arrangement, the Company evaluates the remaining deliverables for separation as items in the arrangement are delivered. When stand-alone value is identified, the related consideration is recorded as revenue in the period in which the license or other intellectual property rights are delivered.

 

In those circumstances where research and development services or other deliverables are combined with the license, and multiple services are being performed such that a common output measure to determine a pattern of performance cannot be discerned, the Company recognizes amounts received on a straight line basis over the performance period. Such amounts are recorded as collaboration revenue. Any subsequent reimbursement payments, which are contingent upon the Company’s future research and development expenditures, will be recorded as collaboration revenue and will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the performance period using the cumulative catch up method. The costs associated with these activities are reflected as a component of research and development expense in the statements of operations in the period incurred. In the event of an early termination of a collaboration agreement, any deferred revenue is recognized in the period in which all obligations of the Company under the agreement have been fulfilled.

 

Milestone payments under collaborative arrangements are triggered either by the results of the Company’s research and development efforts, achievement of regulatory goals or by specified sales results by a third-party collaborator. Milestones related to the Company’s development-based activities may include initiation of various phases of clinical trials and applications and acceptance for product approvals by regulatory agencies. Due to the uncertainty involved in meeting these development-based milestones, the determination is made at the inception of the collaboration agreement whether the development-based milestones are considered to be substantive (i.e. not just achieved through passage of time). In addition, the amounts of the payments assigned thereto are considered to be commensurate with the enhancement of the value of the delivered intellectual property as a result of the Company’s performance. Because the Company’s involvement is necessary to the achievement of development-based milestones, the Company would account for development-based milestones as revenue upon achievement of the substantive milestone events. Milestones related to sales-based activities may be triggered upon events such as first commercial sale of a product or when sales first achieve a defined level. Since these sales-based milestones would be achieved after the completion of the Company’s development activities, the Company would account for the sales-based milestones in the same manner as royalties, with revenue recognized upon achievement of the milestone. Royalties based on reported sales of licensed products will be recognized based on contract terms when reported sales are reliably measurable and collectability is reasonably assured. To date, none of the Company's products have been approved and therefore the Company has not earned any royalty revenue from product sales. In territories where the Company and a collaborator may share profit, the revenue would be recorded in the period earned.

 

7
 

  

The Company often is required to make estimates regarding drug development and commercialization timelines for compounds being developed pursuant to a collaboration agreement. Because the drug development process is lengthy and the Company’s collaboration agreements typically cover activities over several years, this approach often results in the deferral of significant amounts of revenue into future periods. In addition, because of the many risks and uncertainties associated with the development of drug candidates, the Company’s estimates regarding the period of performance may change in the future. Any change in the Company’s estimates or a termination of the arrangement could result in substantial changes to the period over which the revenues are recognized.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses represent costs associated with the ongoing development of SMDCs and companion imaging agents and include salaries, supplies, depreciation, and expenses for clinical trials. The Company records accruals for clinical trial expenses based on the estimated amount of work completed. The Company monitors patient enrollment levels and related activities to the extent possible through internal reviews, correspondence, and discussions with research organizations. In the event that a clinical trial is terminated early, the Company records, in the period of termination, an accrual for the estimated remaining costs to complete the trial.

 

Upfront payments made in connection with business collaborations and research and development arrangements are evaluated under ASC Subtopic 730-20, Research and Development Arrangements . Upfront payments made in connection with business development collaborations are expensed as research and development costs, as the assets acquired do not have alternative future use. Amounts related to future research and development are capitalized as prepaid research and development and are expensed over the service period based upon the level of services provided. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had approximately $0.2 million of capitalized research and development costs included in prepaid expenses.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation awards pursuant to ASC Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), which requires the recognition of the fair value of stock-based compensation in net income. Stock-based compensation consists of stock options, which are granted at exercise prices at or above the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant, service-based restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance-based RSUs (“PRSUs”), and shares available for purchase under the Company’s 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). For PRSUs issued by the Company, stock-based compensation expense would be recognized if and when the Company determines that it is probable that the performance conditions will be achieved. For RSUs issued by the Company, stock-based compensation expense is recognized ratably over the service period. The Company recognizes compensation cost based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718.

 

Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

Basic net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. Diluted net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common share equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method and the if-converted method. For purposes of this calculation, common stock options, warrants, PRSUs, RSUs and shares to be purchased under the ESPP are considered to be common stock equivalents and are only included in the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share when their effect is dilutive.

 

Common stock equivalents  

 

As of June 30, 2014 and 2015, the following number of potential common stock equivalents was outstanding:

 

    As of June 30,  
    2014     2015  
Outstanding common stock options     5,955,257       5,658,201  
Outstanding warrants     34,647       34,647  
Outstanding PRSUs     270,386       217,247  
Outstanding RSUs     191,464       337,262  
Shares to be purchased under the ESPP     2,092       3,387  
                 
Total     6,453,846       6,250,744  

 

8
 

  

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the common stock equivalents were excluded from the determination of diluted net loss per share due to their anti-dilutive effect on earnings.

 

The following weighted-average outstanding common stock options, warrants, RSUs and shares to be purchased under the ESPP were added to basic weighted-average common shares outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 to calculate diluted weighted-average shares outstanding because of their dilutive effect:

 

    Three
 Months
Ended June 30,
    Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
    2014     2014  
Outstanding common stock options     1,771,695       2,008,581  
Outstanding warrants     9,728       12,822  
Outstanding RSUs     16,035       28,242  
Shares to be purchased under the ESPP     1,045       1,177  
                 
Total     1,798,503       2,050,822  

 

3. New Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

 

In November 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-16, Determining Whether the Host Contract in a Hybrid Financial Instrument Issued in the Form of a Share Is More Akin to Debt or to Equity , an update to ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging . This amendment provides clarification regarding the “whole instrument approach” in determining the nature of a host contract in a hybrid financial instrument issued in the form of a share. Under this new standard, issuers and investors are required to consider all of a hybrid instrument’s stated and implied substantive terms and features. This update will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2016, unless it elects early adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15 (Subtopic 205-40), Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern , which requires management to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and provide related footnote disclosures. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The standard allows for either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. This update will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2017, unless it elects early adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), to clarify the principles used to recognize revenue for all entities. Under ASU 2014-09, an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In order to do so, an entity would follow the five-step process for in-scope transactions: 1) identify the contract with a customer, 2) identify the separate performance obligations in the contract, 3) determine the transaction price, 4) allocate the transaction price to the separate performance obligations in the contract, and 5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. In July 2015 , the FASB decided to defer by one year the effective date of this standard and allow early adoption as of the original public entity effective date. The FASB still needs to issue an ASU to make the change. Once the change is implemented, the provisions of ASU 2014-09 will be effective for the Company for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and will permit early adoption as of the original public entity effective date. An entity can apply the new revenue standard retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application in retained earnings. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

9
 

  

4. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

The following tables summarize the accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015:

 

    Foreign Currency
Translation Gains
(Losses)
    Unrealized Net
Gains (Losses) on
Securities
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Gains (Losses)
 
Balance at March 31, 2014   $ (11,306 )   $ 59,650     $ 48,344  
Unrealized loss     (29,010 )     (57,521 )     (86,531 )
Net amount reclassified to net income                  
Other comprehensive loss     (29,010 )     (57,521 )     (86,531 )
Balance at June 30, 2014   $ (40,316 )   $ 2,129     $ (38,187 )

 

    Foreign Currency
Translation Gains
(Losses)
    Unrealized Net
Gains (Losses) on
Securities
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Gains (Losses)
 
Balance at March 31, 2015   $ (50,276 )   $ 41,180     $ (9,096 )
Unrealized loss     (1,597 )     (17,485 )     (19,082 )
Net amount reclassified to net loss           37       37  
Other comprehensive loss     (1,597 )     (17,448 )     (19,045 )
Balance at June 30, 2015   $ (51,873 )   $ 23,732     $ (28,141 )

 

The following tables summarize the accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015:

 

    Foreign Currency
Translation Gains
(Losses)
    Unrealized Net
Gains (Losses) on
Securities
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Gains (Losses)
 
Balance at December 31, 2013   $ (11,816 )   $ 68,507     $ 56,691  
Unrealized loss     (28,500 )     (66,378 )     (94,878 )
Net amount reclassified to net income                  
Other comprehensive loss     (28,500 )     (66,378 )     (94,878 )
Balance at June 30, 2014   $ (40,316 )   $ 2,129     $ (38,187 )

 

    Foreign Currency
Translation Gains
(Losses)
    Unrealized Net
Gains (Losses) on
Securities
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Gains (Losses)
 
Balance at December 31, 2014   $ (50,592 )   $ (93,336 )   $ (143,928 )
Unrealized gain (loss)     (1,281 )     121,972       120,691  
Net amount reclassified to net loss           (4,904 )     (4,904 )
Other comprehensive income (loss)     (1,281 )     117,068       115,787  
Balance at June 30, 2015   $ (51,873 )   $ 23,732     $ (28,141 )

 

The assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated into U.S. dollars using the current exchange rate. For those operations, changes in exchange rates generally do not affect cash flows, which results in translation adjustments being made in stockholders’ equity rather than to net income (loss).

 

5. Investments

 

The Company applies the fair value measurement and disclosure provisions of ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). ASC 820, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Investments consist primarily of investments with original maturities greater than three months, but no longer than 24 months when purchased.

 

ASC 820 establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for fair value measurements. These valuation techniques are based upon the transparency of inputs (observable and unobservable) to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s market assumptions. These two types of inputs create the following fair value hierarchy:

 

Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

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Level 2 — Valuation is based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, or other inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for the full term of the financial instrument.

Level 3 — Valuation is based upon other unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The fair value of the Company’s fixed income securities is based on a market approach using quoted market values.

 

The following table summarizes the fair value of cash and cash equivalents and investments as of December 31, 2014:

 

Description   Cost     Level 1     Level 2     Fair Value
(Carrying
Value)
 
Cash                                
Cash   $ 6,068,579     $ 6,068,579     $     $ 6,068,579  
Cash equivalents                                
Money market funds     39,464,864       39,464,864             39,464,864  
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 45,533,443     $ 45,533,443     $     $ 45,533,443  
Short-term investments (due within 1 year)                                
U.S. government agency obligations   $ 38,934,684     $ 38,928,806     $     $ 38,928,806  
Corporate obligations     40,659,036             40,607,405       40,607,405  
Total short-term investments   $ 79,593,720     $ 38,928,806     $ 40,607,405     $ 79,536,211  
Long-term investments (due after 1 year through 2 years)                                
U.S. government treasury obligations   $ 38,626,279     $ 38,623,495     $     $ 38,623,495  
U.S. government agency obligations     35,223,450       35,203,355             35,203,355  
Corporate obligations     7,947,275             7,934,327       7,934,327  
Total long-term investments   $ 81,797,004     $ 73,826,850     $ 7,934,327     $ 81,761,177  

 

The following table summarizes the fair value of cash and cash equivalents and investments as of June 30, 2015:

 

Description   Cost     Level 1     Level 2     Fair Value
(Carrying
Value)
 
Cash                                
Cash   $ 2,411,788     $ 2,411,788     $     $ 2,411,788  
Cash equivalents                                
Money market funds     25,624,156       25,624,156             25,624,156  
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 28,035,944     $ 28,035,944     $     $ 28,035,944  
Short-term investments (due within 1 year)                                
U.S. government treasury obligations   $ 33,571,724     $ 33,606,370     $     $ 33,606,370  
U.S. government agency obligations     61,177,187       61,187,291             61,187,291  
Corporate obligations     50,562,148             50,523,423       50,523,423  
Total short-term investments   $ 145,311,059     $ 94,793,661     $ 50,523,423     $ 145,317,084  
Long-term investments (due after 1 year through 2 years)                                
U.S. government treasury obligations   $ 5,004,666     $ 5,013,850     $     $ 5,013,850  
U.S. government agency obligations     10,198,107       10,206,630             10,206,630  
Total long-term investments   $ 15,202,773     $ 15,220,480     $     $ 15,220,480  

 

All securities held at December 31, 2014 and June 30, 2015, were classified as available-for-sale as defined by ASC 320.

 

Total unrealized gross gains were $80,147 and $66,008 as of June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively. Total unrealized gross losses were $78,045 and $42,276 as of June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively. The Company does not consider any of the unrealized losses to be other-than-temporary impairments because the Company has the intent and ability to hold investments until they recover in value. Total realized gross gains were $0 and $1,667 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively. There were no total realized gross losses for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015.

 

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6. Collaborations

 

Merck Collaboration Agreement

 

In April 2012, the Company entered into a worldwide collaboration agreement with Merck Sharp & Dohme Research GmbH, a subsidiary of Merck & Co, Inc. (“Merck”), regarding the development and commercialization of vintafolide, which agreement was terminated by Merck effective September 15, 2014. As a result of the termination of the collaboration with Merck, the Company is no longer eligible for additional milestone payments from Merck. In addition, all obligations of the Company under the agreement have been fulfilled and the Company is not required to perform any additional services to Merck. Pursuant to the collaboration agreement, the Company received a $120.0 million non-refundable upfront payment and a $5.0 million milestone payment in 2012. Under the collaboration agreement, the Company was responsible for the majority of funding and completion of the Phase 3 PROCEED clinical trial of vintafolide for the treatment of patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer (“PROC”), which was terminated in May 2014. The Company was responsible for the execution of the Phase 2b TARGET trial of vintafolide for the treatment of second line non-small cell lung cancer, which is now complete. Merck was responsible for the costs of the TARGET trial through September 15, 2014.

 

For revenue recognition purposes, the Company viewed the collaboration with Merck as a multiple element arrangement. Multiple element arrangements are analyzed to determine whether the various performance obligations, or elements, can be separated or whether they must be accounted for as a single unit of accounting. The Company evaluated whether the delivered elements under the arrangement had value on a stand-alone basis and whether objective and reliable evidence of fair value of the undelivered element existed. Deliverables that did not meet these criteria were not evaluated separately for the purpose of revenue recognition. For a single unit of accounting, payments received were recognized in a manner consistent with the final deliverable. The Company determined that the deliverables related to the collaboration with Merck, including the licenses granted to Merck, as well as the Company performance obligations to provide various research and development services, would be accounted for as a single unit of account. This determination was made because the successful development of the therapeutic drug, vintafolide, is dependent on the companion diagnostic, etarfolatide, to select patients who are most likely to receive the most benefit from vintafolide. Given the nature of the combined benefit of the companion diagnostic and the therapeutic drug, the research and development services provided by the Company were essential to the overall arrangement as the Company had significant knowledge and technical know-how that was important to realizing the value of the licenses granted. Subsequent to the inception of the Merck arrangement, the Company evaluated the remaining deliverables for separation as items in the arrangement were delivered.

 

The Company recognized the non-refundable $120.0 million upfront payment, the $5.0 million milestone payment and funding from the research and development services on a straight-line basis over the estimated performance period, which started at the date of execution of the agreement. Based on the termination of the PROCEED trial and receiving the notice of termination of the collaboration agreement in 2014, the Company concluded that all of its obligations under the agreement had been fulfilled and the Company is not required to perform any additional services to Merck, and as a result, the entire balance of deferred revenue related to the collaboration agreement was recognized in 2014. The Company recognized approximately $49.2 million and $66.4 million of revenue related to the Merck collaboration during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively. Though accounted for as a single unit of account for presentation purposes, the Company made an allocation of revenue recognized as collaboration revenue between the license and the services. This allocation was based upon the relative selling price of each deliverable. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, license revenue was approximately $39.0 million and $52.7 million, respectively, while research and development services revenue was approximately $10.2 million and $13.7 million, respectively, of the collaboration revenue.

 

NMP License and Commercialization Agreement

 

In August 2013, the Company entered into a license and commercialization agreement with Nihon Medi-Physic Co., LTD. (“NMP”) that grants NMP the right to develop and commercialize etarfolatide in Japan for use in connection with vintafolide in Japan. The Company received a $1.0 million non-refundable upfront payment, is eligible for up to $4.5 million based on the successful achievement of regulatory goals for etarfolatide in five different cancer indications and is eligible to receive double-digit percentage royalties on sales of etarfolatide in Japan.

 

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For revenue recognition purposes, the Company viewed the agreement with NMP as a multiple element arrangement. Multiple element arrangements are analyzed to determine whether the various performance obligations, or elements, can be separated or whether they must be accounted for as a single unit of accounting. The Company has identified the deliverables related to the collaboration with NMP, which include the license granted to NMP, as well as the obligation to provide preclinical and clinical supply of etarfolatide, to provide rights to NMP if a product is developed that replaces etarfolatide, the obligation for the Company to provide clinical data to NMP during the contract period and the coordination of development and commercialization efforts between the Company for vintafolide and NMP for etarfolatide in Japan. The Company’s deliverables will be accounted for as a single unit of account, therefore the non-refundable upfront payment is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the performance period. This determination was made because the successful development of etarfolatide in Japan requires the ongoing participation by the Company, including the development of the related therapeutic drug, vintafolide. The performance period over which the revenue will be recognized continues from the date of execution of the agreement through the end of 2033, the estimated termination date of the contract which is when the Company’s performance obligations will be completed. Any significant changes in the timing of the performance period could result in a change in the revenue recognition period. The Company had deferred revenue related to the agreement of approximately $0.9 million at June 30, 2015. Subsequent to the inception of the NMP arrangement, the Company evaluates the remaining deliverables for separation as items in the arrangement are delivered.

 

The arrangement with NMP includes milestone payments of up to approximately $4.5 million and the milestones are based on the commencement of clinical trials in Japan for specific and non-specific indications and filing for approval in Japan for specific and non-specific indications. The Company evaluated each of these milestone payments and believes that all of the milestones are substantive as there is substantial performance risk that must occur in order for them to be met because the Company must complete additional clinical trials which show a positive outcome or receive approval from a regulatory authority and would be commensurate with the enhancement of value of the underlying intellectual property. To date, the products have not been approved in Japan and no revenue has been recognized related to the regulatory milestones or royalties.

 

NMP has the right to terminate the collaboration agreement on 90 days notice prior to first commercial sale in Japan and six months notice after the first commercial sale in Japan. NMP also has the right to terminate the agreement on six months notice if the Company fails to launch vintafolide after receiving regulatory approval in Japan. NMP and the Company each have the right to terminate the agreement due to the material breach or insolvency of the other party. Upon termination of the agreement depending on the circumstances, the parties have varying rights and obligations with respect to licensing and related regulatory materials and data.

 

7. Stockholders’ Equity

 

Public Offering

 

 On April 2, 2014, the Company completed a public offering of 5,175,000 shares of its common stock in a public offering. Proceeds, net of underwriting discounts, commissions and other transaction costs were $101.9 million.

 

Stock-Based Compensation Plans

 

The Company has had stock-based compensation plans since 1997. The awards made under the plans adopted in 1997 and 2007 consisted of stock options. The 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”), which is the only plan under which awards may currently be made, authorizes awards in the form of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, PRSUs, performance units, performance shares, and RSUs. Awards under the 2010 Plan may be made to employees, directors and certain consultants as determined by the compensation committee of the board of directors. There were 8,071,563 and 9,742,563 shares of common stock authorized and reserved under these plans at December 31, 2014 and June 30, 2015, respectively. The Company also has had an active ESPP in place since January 2014. Information regarding the ESPP is set forth below.

 

Stock Options

 

Under the various plans, employees have been granted incentive stock options, while directors and consultants have been granted non-qualified options. The plans allow the holder of an option to purchase common stock at the exercise price, which was at or above the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

Generally, options granted under the 1997 and 2007 plans in connection with an employee’s commencement of employment vest over a four-year period with one-half of the shares subject to the grant vesting after two years of employment and remaining options vesting monthly over the remainder of the four-year period. Options granted under the 1997 and 2007 plans for performance or promotions vested monthly over a four-year period. Generally, options granted under the 2010 Plan vest annually over a three-year or four-year period. Unexercised stock options terminate on the tenth anniversary date after the date of grant. The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense over the requisite service period of the individual grantees, which generally equals the vesting period. The Company utilizes a Black-Scholes option-pricing model to estimate the value of stock options. The Black-Scholes model allows the use of a range of assumptions related to volatility, risk-free interest rate, employee exercise behavior and dividend yield. Expected volatilities used in the model beginning in 2015 are based on historical volatility of the Company’s stock prices. Expected volatilities used in the model prior to 2015 were based on a combination of peer volatility and Company volatility.

 

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Due to insufficient history as a public company, the Company is using the “simplified” method for “plain vanilla” options to estimate the expected term of the stock options grants. Under this approach, the weighted-average expected life is presumed to be the average of the vesting term and the contractual term of the option. The risk-free interest rate assumption is derived from the weighted-average yield of a U.S. Treasury security with the same term as the expected life of the options, and the dividend yield assumption is based on historical experience and the Company’s estimate of future dividend yields.

 

The weighted-average value of the individual options granted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015 were determined using the following assumptions:

 

    Three Months
Ended
June 30,
    Six Months
Ended
June 30,
 
    2014     2015     2014     2015  
Expected volatility     107.0 %     105.6 %     102.8 %     106.8 %
Risk-free interest rate     2.34 %     1.98 %     1.98 %     1.53 %
Weighted-average expected life (in years)     8.9       8.5       6.7       6.4  
Dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %     0.00 %     0.00 %

 

The Company’s stock option activity and related information are summarized as follows:

 

    Options     Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
    Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Term (In
Years)
    Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2015     5,096,674     $ 7.29                  
Granted during period     851,672       5.10                  
Exercised during period     (114,636 )     2.60                  
Expired during period     (13,443 )     11.68                  
Forfeited during period     (177,309 )     8.11                  
Outstanding at March 31, 2015     5,642,958     $ 7.02       7.12     $ 6,705,385  
Exercisable at March 31, 2015     3,212,082     $ 6.37       5.96     $ 5,168,069  
 Outstanding at April 1, 2015     5,642,958     $ 7.02                  
Granted during period     177,750       5.92                  
Exercised during period     (10,619 )     3.26                  
Expired during period     (120,670 )     11.07                  
Forfeited during period     (31,218 )     7.45                  
Outstanding at June 30, 2015     5,658,201     $ 6.90       6.96     $ 3,765,161  
Exercisable at June 30, 2015     3,376,445     $ 6.39       5.82     $ 3,336,694  

 

As of June 30, 2015, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost, net of forfeitures, related to stock options granted was $11.2 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.6 years.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

In May 2011, the Company adopted and granted awards under a performance-based RSU program (the “2011 PRSU Program”) under the 2010 Plan. Each unit represents an amount equal to one share of the Company’s common stock. The PRSUs will be earned, in whole or in part, based on performance and service conditions. The performance condition is based upon whether the Company receives regulatory approval to sell a therapeutic product, and the awards include a target number of PRSUs that will vest upon a First Commercial Approval, and a maximum number of PRSUs that will vest upon a Second Commercial Approval. Any earned PRSUs will vest fifty percent based on the performance condition of commercial approval and fifty percent one year thereafter to fulfill the service condition, which requires the employee to remain employed by the Company.

 

As of June 30, 2015, the Company had 217,247 PRSU awards outstanding. The unrecorded stock compensation expense is based on number of units granted, less estimated forfeitures based on the Company’s historical forfeiture rate of 6.49%, and the closing market price of the Company’s common stock at the grant date. As of June 30, 2015, the performance condition of obtaining regulatory approval had not been achieved, therefore, no vesting had occurred. The awards are being accounted for under ASC 718, and compensation expense is to be recorded if the Company determines that it is probable that the performance conditions will be achieved. As of June 30, 2015, it was not probable that the performance conditions will be achieved, therefore, no compensation expense related to the PRSUs was recorded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015. Based on the performance conditions and the stage of development of our potential products, we have concluded that the performance conditions will not be achieved before the performance deadline and, as a result, we do not expect to recognize any stock-based compensation expense related to the PRSUs.

 

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The RSUs are service-based awards that will vest and be paid, in the form of one share of the Company’s common stock for each RSU, generally in three or four equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the date of grant of the RSU. As of June 30, 2015, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost, net of forfeitures, related to RSUs was $2.0 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.7 years.

 

The following table sets forth the number of RSUs that were granted, vested and forfeited in the period indicated:

 

    Restricted Stock
Units
    Weighted-Average
Grant
Date Fair Value
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2015     161,439     $ 11.11  
Granted during period     222,976       5.10  
Vested during period     (40,333 )     11.11  
Forfeited during period     (17,730 )     8.74  
Outstanding at March 31, 2015     326,352     $ 7.20  
Outstanding at April 1, 2015     326,352     $ 7.20  
Granted during period     18,000       6.02  
Vested during period            
Forfeited during period     (7,090 )     7.04  
Outstanding at June 30, 2015     337,262     $ 7.14  

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Effective January 1, 2014, the Company implemented the ESPP. At January 1, 2015, 986,530 common shares were available for issuance under the ESPP. Shares may be issued under the ESPP twice a year. In the year ended December 31, 2014, plan participants purchased 53,250 shares of common stock under the ESPP at an average purchase price of $5.62 per share. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, plan participants purchased 34,127 shares of common stock under the ESPP at an average purchase price of $4.98 per share. At June 30, 2015, 952,403 shares were available for issuance under the ESPP.

 

8. Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the liability method in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes . The Company recognizes future tax benefits, such as net operating losses, to the extent those benefits are expected to be realized in future periods. Due to uncertainty surrounding the realization of its deferred tax assets, the Company has recorded a valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets. The Company experienced a change in ownership as defined under Section 382 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code in August 2011. As a result, the future use of its net operating losses and credit equivalents is currently limited to approximately $172.2 million for 2015, $29.7 million for 2016 and $16.8 million for 2017. Any available but unused amounts will become available for use in all successive years.

 

9. Commitments and Contingencies

 

On June 24, 2014, a complaint in a securities class action lawsuit was filed against the Company and one of its officers and directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana under the following caption: Tony Nguyen, on Behalf of Himself and All Others Similarly Situated v. Endocyte, Inc. and P. Ron Ellis (the “Nguyen Litigation”). On July 13, 2014, a nearly identical complaint in a securities class action lawsuit was filed against the Company and one of its officers and directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana under the following caption: Vivian Oh Revocable Trust, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated v. Endocyte, Inc. and P. Ron Ellis (the “Oh Litigation”). On September 22, 2014, the court named a lead plaintiff (“Lead Plaintiff”) and consolidated the Nguyen Litigation and the Oh Litigation under the following caption: Gopichand Vallabhaneni v. Endocyte, Inc. and P. Ron Ellis (the “Vallabhaneni Litigation”) . On November 17, 2014, Lead Plaintiff filed a consolidated amended securities class action complaint (the “Amended Complaint”) against the Company, P. Ron Ellis, Beth Taylor, Michael A. Sherman, John C. Aplin, Philip S. Low, Keith A. Brauer, Ann F. Hanham, Marc Kozin, Peter D. Meldrum, Fred A. Middleton, Lesley Russell (the “Individual Defendants” and collectively with the Company, the “Endocyte Defendants”), and Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (the “Underwriter Defendants”). Lead Plaintiff alleged, among other things, that the Endocyte Defendants made false and misleading statements relating to the efficacy of vintafolide and violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The putative class related to these allegations consists of all persons who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company’s securities between March 21, 2014 and May 2, 2014. Lead Plaintiff also alleged in the Amended Complaint that the Endocyte Defendants and the Underwriter Defendants violated Sections 11 and 15 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), by, among other things, making or allowing the Company to make false and misleading statements regarding positive opinions about vintafolide issued by the European Medicines Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use in the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 filed on March 25, 2014, preliminary prospectus filed on March 26, 2014, and final prospectus filed on March 28, 2014. The putative class related to these allegations consists of all those who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company’s securities pursuant to or traceable to the Company’s April 2, 2014 public offering.

 

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Lead Plaintiff seeks the designation of the Vallabhaneni Litigation as a class action, an award of unspecified damages, interest, costs, expert fees and attorneys’ fees, and equitable/injunctive relief or other relief as the court may deem just and proper. Pursuant to a December 9, 2014 order, all Defendants filed a motion to dismiss on March 6, 2015. Lead Plaintiff filed a motion in opposition on April 6, 2015 to which Defendants replied on April 20, 2015. Discovery in this matter is stayed pursuant to provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (“PSLRA”) pending resolution of that motion to dismiss. The Company believes that this lawsuit is without merit and has defended, and intends to continue to defend, itself vigorously against the allegations made in the Amended Complaint.

 

On September 23, 2014, a complaint in a shareholder derivative lawsuit was filed against all of the Company’s current directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana under the following caption: William Moore, Derivatively on Behalf of Nominal Defendant Endocyte, Inc. v. John C. Aplin, et al. (the “Moore Litigation”). The Company was named as a nominal defendant in the case. The complaint alleged, among other things, that the defendants violated state law, including through breaches of fiduciary duties, gross mismanagement, waste of corporate assets and unjust enrichment, in regard to false and misleading statements and material omissions made concerning the efficacy of vintafolide, causing substantial monetary losses to the Company and other damages, including irreparable damages to the Company’s reputation and goodwill. The complaint sought: unspecified damages from each of the defendants, jointly and severally, together with interest thereon; an order directing that actions be taken to reform and improve the Company’s corporate governance and internal procedures to comply with applicable laws and to protect the Company’s shareholders from a repeat of the alleged damaging events; an award of unspecified exemplary damages; restitution; costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorneys’ and experts’ fees, costs and expenses; and such other and further equitable relief as the court may deem just and proper.

 

On October 31, 2014, a complaint in a shareholder derivative lawsuit nearly identical to the Moore Litigation was filed against all of the Company’s current directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana under the following caption: Victor Veloso, Derivatively on Behalf of Endocyte, Inc. v. John C. Aplin, et al. (the “Veloso Litigation”). The Company was named as a nominal defendant in the case. The complaint alleged, among other things, that the defendants violated and breached their fiduciary duties of care, loyalty, reasonable inquiry and good faith by causing the Company to issue false and misleading statements concerning its financial condition, resulting in significant damages, not only monetarily, but also to its corporate image and goodwill, including costs associated with defending securities lawsuits, severe damage to its share price, resulting in an increased cost of capital, the waste of corporate assets and reputational harm. The complaint sought: unspecified damages from all of the defendants; an order directing that the Company take all necessary actions to reform and improve its corporate governance and internal procedures, to comply with existing governance obligations and all applicable laws and to protect the Company and its investors from a recurrence of the alleged damaging events; costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, accountants’ and experts’ fees, costs and expenses; and such other and further relief as the court deems just and proper.

 

On December 31, 2014, the court appointed co-lead counsel and consolidated the Moore Litigation with the Veloso Litigation under the following caption: In re Endocyte, Inc. Derivative Litigation (the “Endocyte Derivative Litigation”). An amended complaint was filed on February 28, 2015 which contains allegations and requests for relief that are substantially the same as the complaints in the Moore Litigation and the Veloso Litigation. Although this lawsuit is brought nominally on behalf of the Company, the Company expects to incur defense costs and other expenses in connection with the lawsuit. Discovery and other proceedings in this matter are currently stayed pursuant to agreement of the parties pending resolution of the March 6, 2015 motion to dismiss in the Vallabhaneni Litigation.

 

On November 6, 2014, a complaint was filed against the Company, two of its executive officers, Merck and one of Merck’s officers in the Superior Court of Tippecanoe County, Indiana under the following caption: Mohamad Hage and Jamele Hage v. Endocyte, Inc., P. Ron Ellis, Mike A. Sherman, Eric Rubin and Merck & Co., Inc. (the “Hage Litigation”). The complaint alleged, among other things, that the defendants: made false and misleading statements about the efficacy of vintafolide and the likelihood that it would be approved for sale; employed devices, schemes and artifices to defraud; made untrue statements of material facts and omitted to state material facts necessary in order to make the statements made about the Company and its business operations not misleading; and breached fiduciary duties owed to the plaintiffs. The complaint alleged that as a result of the alleged fraudulent misrepresentations, non-disclosures and schemes of the defendants, plaintiffs have suffered pecuniary losses. The plaintiffs seek an award of unspecified actual, compensatory, consequential, incidental and punitive damages, reasonable costs, expert fees and attorneys’ fees, and such equitable/injunctive or other relief as the court may deem just and proper. The Company believes that it may have an obligation to indemnify Merck and its named officer in connection with the Hage Litigation, depending on certain factors. On January 9, 2015, the defendants filed a Motion to Stay the Proceeding or in the Alternative to Stay Discovery (the “Motion to Stay”). A hearing on the Motion to Stay was held on February 19, 2015. On March 20, 2015, the court ruled to stay the case pending final resolution of the Vallabhaneni case. The plaintiffs sought an interlocutory appeal to which the Company opposed. On May 22, 2015, the court denied the interlocutory appeal motion. The Company believes that this lawsuit is without merit and has defended, and intends to continue to defend, itself vigorously against the allegations made in the complaint.

 

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The Company also has certain obligations to indemnify, and advance expenses to, its directors and officers in connection with various actions, suits and proceedings.

 

10. Restructuring Costs

 

 The Company terminated the PROCEED trial in May 2014 after the interim futility analysis indicated that vintafolide did not demonstrate efficacy on the pre-specified outcome of progression-free survival for the treatment of PROC. As a result, the Company ceased its pre-launch commercial activities in Europe and implemented staff reductions in Europe and in the U.S. All employee and contract termination expenses were recorded and paid in the year ended December 31, 2014. At June 30, 2015, the Company had a clinical trial accrual balance related to the PROCEED trial termination of $0.4 million, which is expected to be fully paid by December 31, 2015.

 

The following table summarizes the restructuring accruals for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015:

 

    PROCEED
Trial
Termination
Accrual
 
Balance, March 31, 2015   $ 600,000  
Charges for the three months ended June 30, 2015     250,000  
Amounts paid in the three months ended June 30, 2015     (450,000 )
Balance, June 30, 2015   $ 400,000  

 

    PROCEED
Trial
Termination
Accrual
 
Balance, December 31, 2014   $ 1,300,000  
Charges for the six months ended June 30, 2015     250,000  
Amounts paid in the six months ended June 30, 2015     (1,150,000 )
Balance, June 30, 2015   $ 400,000  

 

17
 

   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains certain statements that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws. When used in this report, the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “plan,” “believe,” “predict,” “potential,” “project,” “target,” “forecast,” “intend” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks and uncertainties include the important risks and uncertainties that may affect our future operations as discussed in Part II — Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers of this report are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. While we believe the assumptions on which the forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, there can be no assurance that these forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate. This cautionary statement is applicable to all forward-looking statements contained in this report.

 

Overview

 

We are a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted therapies for the treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases. We use our proprietary technology to create novel small molecule drug conjugates, or SMDCs, and companion imaging agents. Our SMDCs actively target receptors that are over-expressed on diseased cells, relative to healthy cells. This targeted approach is designed to enable the treatment of patients with highly active drugs at greater doses, delivered more frequently, and over longer periods of time than would be possible with the untargeted drug alone. We are also developing companion imaging agents for each of our SMDCs that are designed to identify the patients whose disease over-expresses the target of the therapy and who are therefore most likely to benefit from treatment. This combination of an SMDC with a companion imaging agent is designed to personalize the treatment of patients by delivering effective therapy, selectively to diseased cells, in the patients most likely to benefit.

 

 

Our first generation SMDC, vintafolide, targets the folate receptor, which is frequently over-expressed on cancer cells. We initially chose platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, or PROC, a highly treatment-resistant disease, as our lead indication for development of vintafolide because of the high unmet need in treating this patient population and the high percentage of ovarian cancer patients whose tumors over-express the targeted folate receptor. In May 2014, we stopped our phase 3 clinical trial in PROC because the treatment arm when compared to the control arm did not meet the pre-specified criteria for improvement in progression free survival, or PFS, even though the PFS and overall response rates for the treatment arm of the trial were similar to those of our prior phase 2 trial. In the year ended December 31, 2014, we recorded a charge of $4.1 million for the remaining expenses of the PROCEED trial, including site close-out expenses. In the six months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded an additional charge of $0.2 million for remaining expenses of the PROCEED trial, including additional site and patient expenses.

 

We have recently completed the TARGET trial, a randomized phase 2b trial of vintafolide for use in non-small cell lung cancer, or NSCLC, which was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of vintafolide in second line NSCLC as a single agent and in combination with docetaxel, a commonly used second line chemotherapy approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or the FDA. As we announced in March 2014, the study met the primary endpoint of PFS for the combination vintafolide plus docetaxel arm, and we communicated the detailed data, including updated overall survival, or OS, results, at the European Society for Medical Oncology Congress, or ESMO, in September 2014. At that meeting, we reported that patients in the predefined adenocarcinoma subgroup treated with the combination had a 27% reduction in risk of the disease worsening or death and a 30% reduction in the risk of death compared to docetaxel monotherapy. We plan to present the final OS data at the World Lung Cancer Conference in September 2015. We intend to assess future development of vintafolide in NSCLC on various factors, including the results of our ongoing phase 1 clinical trial of EC1456 discussed below.

 

EC1456, our second generation SMDC, also targets the folate receptor. We are currently enrolling patients in a phase 1 dose escalation trial for the treatment of advanced solid tumors with EC1456. In preclinical models, the drug payload, tubulysin, has demonstrated a higher level of potency and less vulnerability to multi-drug resistance mechanisms compared to the drug payload in vintafolide. In some preclinical models in which vintafolide demonstrates no activity or there is a resistance to vintafolide, the folate tubulysin SMDC has demonstrated activity. EC1456 has progressed in the phase 1 trial to a dose that exceeds the dose of vintafolide delivered in trials to date. Patients are scanned with etarfolatide, but we are not limiting enrollment based on the results of the scan. Once the maximum tolerated dose is determined, we plan to expand the trial to evaluate EC1456 in NSCLC, triple-negative breast cancer, ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer in more than 100 patients who are FR(100%) (patients in which 100 percent of their target lesions over-expressed the folate receptor as determined by an etarfolatide scan).

 

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EC1169, our first non-folate SMDC, is a tubulysin therapeutic targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen, or PSMA. We have developed a companion imaging agent, EC0652, to scan patients prior to therapy to identify the presence of PSMA. To date, EC0652 has shown the presence of PSMA in the prostate cancer of all prostate cancer patients scanned. We are currently enrolling patients in a phase 1 dose escalation trial in recurrent prostate cancer for EC1169. Once the maximum tolerated dose is identified, we plan to expand this trial to enroll up to 50 patients at that dose. Patients are scanned with EC0652, but we are not limiting enrollment based on the results of the scan.

 

In April 2012, we entered into a worldwide collaboration agreement with Merck Sharp & Dohme Research GmbH, a subsidiary of Merck & Co, Inc., or Merck, regarding the development and commercialization of vintafolide, which agreement was terminated by Merck effective September 15, 2014. As a result of the termination of the collaboration with Merck, we are no longer eligible for additional milestone payments from Merck. Pursuant to the collaboration agreement, we received a non-refundable $120.0 million upfront payment and a $5.0 million milestone payment in 2012 from Merck. Under the collaboration agreement, we were responsible for the majority of funding and completion of the PROCEED trial, which was terminated in 2014. We were responsible for the execution of the TARGET trial of vintafolide for the treatment of second line NSCLC, which is now complete. Merck was responsible for the costs of the TARGET trial through September 15, 2014. Based on receiving the notice of termination of the collaboration agreement in 2014, we concluded that all of our obligations under the agreement had been fulfilled and we are not required to perform any additional services to Merck, and as a result, the entire balance of deferred revenue related to the collaboration agreement was recognized in 2014. We recognized approximately $49.2 million and $66.4 million of revenue related to the Merck collaboration during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively.

 

As a result of the termination of the PROCEED trial in 2014, we withdrew the conditional marketing authorization applications in Europe for vintafolide for the treatment of PROC, and etarfolatide and folic acid for patient selection. During 2014, we terminated contracts and reduced headcount related to the pre-launch commercial activities in Europe.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in more detail in our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K. There were no changes in the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2015 to the application of the accounting policies that are critical to the judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

19
 

  

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended June 30, 2014 to Three Months Ended June 30, 2015

 

    Three Months Ended
June 30,
    $ Increase/
(Decrease)
    % Increase/
(Decrease)
 
    2014     2015              
    (In thousands)  
Statement of operations data:                        
Collaboration revenue   $ 49,168     $ 13     $ (49,155 )     (100 )%
Operating expenses:                                
Research and development     18,990       6,724       (12,266 )     (65 )%
General and administrative     7,968       4,071       (3,897 )     (49 )%
                                 
Total operating expenses     26,958       10,795       (16,163 )     (60 )%
                                 
Income (loss) from operations     22,210       (10,782 )     (32,992 )     (149 )%
                                 
Interest income, net     168       185       17       10 %
Other expense, net     (22 )     (7 )     15       68 %
Net income (loss)   $ 22,356     $ (10,604 )   $ (32,960 )     (147 )%

   

Revenue

 

The decrease in revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 was due to the termination of the Merck collaboration agreement in 2014. Our revenue of $49.2 million recorded in the three months ended June 30, 2014 related primarily to the collaboration with Merck, including the acceleration of the remaining balance of deferred revenue in the second quarter of 2014 due to the termination of the collaboration agreement with Merck. Our revenue of $12,500 in the three months ended June 30, 2015 related to the amortization of the $1.0 million non-refundable upfront payment from Nihon Medi-Physic Co., LTD., or NMP.

 

Research and Development

 

The decrease in research and development expense for the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 was primarily attributable to a decrease in expenses related to the TARGET trial which is now complete, a decrease in expenses related to the PROCEED trial which was terminated in May 2014 and for which a termination charge of $4.7 million was recorded in the three months ended June 30, 2014, and a decrease in manufacturing expenses for vintafolide and etarfolatide related to pre-commercial activity.

 

Included in research and development expense were stock-based compensation charges of $1.3 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

Included in research and development expense were charges for company-funded research at Purdue University, the primary employer of our Chief Science Officer, of $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

General and Administrative

 

The decrease in general and administrative expense in the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 was attributable to the reduction in headcount and the termination of commercial activities following the withdrawal of the marketing applications in Europe.

 

Included in general and administrative expense were stock-based compensation charges of $1.2 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

20
 

  

Interest Income, net

 

The increase in interest income, net in the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 resulted primarily from an increase in the interest rate yield during the three months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014, partially offset by a slight decrease in the average short and long-term investment balances during the three months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 due to the use of funds in the current year period that had been invested in the prior year period from the proceeds from our public offering of common stock that closed in April 2014.

 

Other Expense, net

 

The decrease in other expense, net in the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014 resulted from a decrease in charitable contributions.

 

Comparison of Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2015

  

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
    $ Increase/
(Decrease)
   

% Increase/

(Decrease)

 
    2014     2015              
    (In thousands)  
Statement of operations data:                        
Collaboration revenue   $ 66,437     $ 25     $ (66,412 )     (100 )%
Operating expenses:                                
Research and development     31,977       13,341       (18,636 )     (58 )%
General and administrative     15,469       8,431       (7,038 )     (45 )%
                                 
Total operating expenses     47,446       21,772       (25,674 )     (54 )%
                                 
Income (loss) from operations     18,991       (21,747 )     (40,738 )     (215 )%
Interest income, net     253       337       84       33 %
Other expense, net     (29 )     (64 )     (35 )     (121 )%
                                 
Net income (loss)   $ 19,215     $ (21,474 )   $ (40,689 )     (212 )%

 

Revenue

 

The decrease in revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 was due to the termination of the Merck collaboration agreement in 2014. Our revenue of $66.4 million recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2014 related primarily to the collaboration with Merck, including the acceleration of the remaining balance of deferred revenue in the second quarter of 2014 due to the termination of the collaboration agreement with Merck. Our revenue of $25,000 in the six months ended June 30, 2015 related to the amortization of the $1.0 million non-refundable upfront payment from NMP.

 

Research and Development

 

The decrease in research and development expense for the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 was primarily attributable to a decrease in expenses related to the TARGET trial which is now complete, a decrease in expenses related to the PROCEED trial which was terminated in May 2014 and for which a termination charge of $4.7 million was recorded in the three months ended June 30, 2014, and a decrease in manufacturing expenses for vintafolide and etarfolatide related to pre-commercial activity.

 

Included in research and development expense were stock-based compensation charges of $2.5 million and $2.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

Research and development expense included expense of $0.5 million for each of the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015 for company-funded research at Purdue University, the primary employer of our Chief Science Officer.

 

General and Administrative

 

The decrease in general and administrative expense in the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 was attributable to the reduction in headcount and the termination of commercial activities following the withdrawal of the marketing applications in Europe.

 

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Included in general and administrative expenses were stock-based compensation charges of $2.2 million and $1.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

Interest Income, net

 

The increase in interest income, net in the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 resulted primarily from an increase in the average short and long-term investment balances during the six months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 due to the investment of proceeds from our public offering of common stock that closed in April 2014, as well as a slight increase in the interest rate yield during the six months ended June 30, 2015 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014.

 

Other Expense, net

 

The increase in other expense, net in the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 resulted from an increase in charitable contributions.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We have funded our operations principally through sales of equity and debt securities, revenue from strategic collaborations, grants, and loans. As of June 30, 2015, we had cash, cash equivalents and investments of $188.6 million. The following table sets forth the primary sources and uses of cash for each of the periods set forth below:

 

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2014     2015  
    (In thousands)  
             
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (30,480 )   $ (18,010 )
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     (93,447 )     68  
Net cash provided by financing activities     102,677       446  
Effect of exchange rate     (28 )     (1 )
                 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents   $ (21,278 )   $ (17,497 )

 

Operating Activities

 

The cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2014 primarily resulted from our net income adjusted for non-cash items and changes in operating assets and liabilities, including the decrease in deferred revenue related to the Merck collaboration that was fully recognized in the second quarter of 2014 due to the termination of the Merck agreement. The cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 primarily resulted from our net loss adjusted for non-cash items, primarily consisting of stock-based compensation, depreciation, and accretion of bond premiums, and changes in operating assets and liabilities, primarily due to a decrease in the receivable from Merck relating to the former collaboration agreement, a decrease in wage accruals due to cash bonus payments in 2015, and a decrease in clinical trial accruals due to closing out the PROCEED and TARGET trials.

 

Investing Activities

 

The cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was due primarily to the purchase of investments using the net proceeds from the public stock offering in April 2014, which were partially offset by $0.9 million of capital expenditures for equipment. The cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was due to the net result of maturities and purchases of investments, which were partially offset by capital expenditures for equipment of $0.1 million.

 

Financing Activities

 

The cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2014 primarily resulted from $101.9 million of net proceeds from the public stock offering in April 2014 and $0.8 million received from the exercise of stock options and purchases of stock under our employee stock purchase plan. The cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2015 resulted from net proceeds from the exercise of stock options and purchases of stock under our employee stock purchase plan.

 

22
 

  

Operating Capital Requirements

 

We anticipate that we will continue to incur significant operating losses for the next several years as we pursue the advancement of our SMDC’s and companion imaging agents through the research, development, regulatory and, potentially, commercialization processes.

 

As of June 30, 2015, our cash, cash equivalents and investments were $188.6 million. In April 2014, we completed a public offering of 5,175,000 shares of our common stock and received net proceeds of $101.9 million. We believe that our current cash balance, including the proceeds from that offering, will be sufficient to fund our current operating plan, including the close-out expenses of the PROCEED and TARGET trials, and the advancement of our pipeline.

 

Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with research, development and commercialization of pharmaceutical products, we are unable to estimate the exact amounts of our working capital requirements. Our future funding requirements will depend on many factors, including but not limited to:

 

  the number and characteristics of the SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics we pursue;

 

  the scope, progress, results and costs of researching and developing our SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics and conducting preclinical and clinical trials;

 

  the timing of, and the costs involved in, obtaining regulatory approvals for our SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics;

 

  the cost of commercialization activities if any of our SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics are approved for sale, including marketing, sales and distribution costs;

 

  the cost of manufacturing any SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics we successfully commercialize;

 

  the costs involved in preparing, filing, prosecuting, maintaining, defending and enforcing patent claims, including litigation costs and the outcome of such litigation; and

 

  the timing, receipt and amount of sales of, or royalties on, our SMDCs and companion imaging diagnostics, if any.

 

If our available cash, cash equivalents and investments are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, or if we develop additional opportunities to pursue, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain new loans or credit facilities. The sale of additional equity securities may result in additional dilution to our stockholders. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of debt securities or convertible preferred stock, these securities may have rights senior to those of our common stock and could contain covenants that would restrict our operations. We may require additional capital beyond our currently forecasted amounts. Any such required additional capital may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all. If we were unable to obtain additional financing, we may be required to reduce the scope of, delay or eliminate some or all of our planned research, development and commercialization activities, which could harm our business.

 

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

 

There have been no significant changes during the six months ended June 30, 2015 to the items that we disclosed as our contractual obligations and commitments in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

None.

 

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

We are exposed to market risk related to changes in interest rates. As of June 30, 2015, we had cash, cash equivalents and investments of $188.6 million. The investments consisted of U.S. government money market funds, U.S. Treasuries, U.S. Government agency obligations, U.S. corporate securities and cash equivalents. Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate sensitivity, which is affected by changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates. Our short-term and long-term investments are subject to interest rate risk and will fall in value if market interest rates increase. Due to the short-term duration of our investment portfolio and the low risk profile of our investments, an immediate 10 percent change in interest rates would not have a material effect on the fair market value of our portfolio. We have the ability to hold our short and long-term investments until maturity, and therefore we do not expect that our results of operations or cash flows would be adversely affected by any change in market interest rates on our investments. We carry our investments based on publicly available information. We do not currently have any investment securities for which a market is not readily available or active.

 

23
 

  

We do not believe that any credit risk is likely to have a material impact on the value of our assets and liabilities.

 

We contract with contract research organizations and investigational sites globally. We may be subject to fluctuations in foreign currency rates in connection with these agreements. A 10 percent fluctuation in foreign currency rates would not have a material impact on our financial statements. We currently do not hedge our foreign currency exchange rate risk, but if our operations in foreign countries expand, we may consider the use of hedges.

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

 

Conclusion Regarding Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, evaluated, as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of such date are effective at the reasonable assurance level in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

  

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended June 30, 2015, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

24
 

  

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

See Note 9 – Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Part I, Item 1 herein for information regarding certain legal proceedings affecting us.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties we describe in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 before deciding to invest in, or retain, shares of our common stock. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that are currently not believed to be significant to our business may also affect our actual results and could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or stock price. If any of these risks or uncertainties actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or stock price could be materially and adversely affected. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

 

We may be at risk for cyber attacks or other security breaches that could compromise our intellectual property, trade secrets or other sensitive business information and expose us to liability, which would cause our business and reputation to suffer.

 

Cyber attacks or security breaches could compromise confidential, business critical information, cause a disruption in our operations, harm our reputation or increase our stock trading risk. We have attractive information assets, including intellectual property, trade secrets and other sensitive, business critical information, including personally identifiable information of our employees.  Our employees, some of whom have access to such information, frequently receive “phishing” emails intended to trick recipients into surrendering their user names and passwords.  Phishing is a fraud method in which the perpetrator sends out legitimate-looking email in an attempt to gather personal, business, financial or other information from recipients.  To date, we have found no evidence of unauthorized access to our employees’ accounts, but cannot preclude the possibility that sensitive information has been accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen.

 

We have cybersecurity technologies, processes and practices that are designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access, but we cannot assure that they will be effective or will work as designed.  Our cybersecurity is continuously reviewed, maintained and upgraded in response to possible security breach incidents.  Notwithstanding these measures, a cyber attack could compromise our networks and data centers and/or result in access, disclosure, or other loss of information, which could result in legal claims or proceedings, investigations, potential liabilities under laws that protect the privacy of personal information, delays and impediments to our discovery and development efforts, damage to our reputation and a negative impact on our financial results.

  

Item 5. Other Information

 

During the quarter ended June 30, 2015, the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors did not approve the engagement of Ernst & Young LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, to perform certain non-audit services and no such services were provided during this period. This disclosure is made pursuant to Section 10A(i)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as added by Section 202 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

See the Exhibit Index following the signature page to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  ENDOCYTE, INC.
     
Date: August 5, 2015 By: /s/ P. Ron Ellis
    P. Ron Ellis
    President and Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: August 5, 2015 By: /s/ Michael A. Sherman
    Michael A. Sherman
    Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer)
     
Date: August 5, 2015 By: /s/ Beth A. Taylor
    Beth A. Taylor
    Corporate Controller
    (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

26
 

  

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit    
Number   Description
     
10.1   Form of Endocyte, Inc. Change in Control and Severance Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2015)
     
31.1   Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 of the Chief Executive Officer, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2   Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 of the Chief Financial Officer, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101   The following materials from Endocyte, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) includes: (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2014 and June 30, 2015, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2015, (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2015 and (v) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

27

 

  

Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE
SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, P. Ron Ellis, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Endocyte, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

  /s/ P. Ron Ellis
  P. Ron Ellis
  President and Chief Executive Officer

 

Date: August 5, 2015

 

  

Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

OF 1934, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Michael A. Sherman, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Endocyte, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

  /s/ Michael A. Sherman
  Michael A. Sherman
  Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

Date: August 5, 2015

 

 

 

Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

        I, P. Ron Ellis, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that the Quarterly Report of Endocyte, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and that information contained in such Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Endocyte, Inc. for the periods covered by such Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

August 5, 2015    
  /s/ P. Ron Ellis
  Name: P. Ron Ellis
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

        I, Michael A. Sherman, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that the Quarterly Report of Endocyte, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and that information contained in such Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Endocyte, Inc. for the periods covered by such Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

August 5, 2015    
  /s/ Michael A. Sherman
  Name: Michael A. Sherman
  Title: Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer